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Processing graspable object images and their nouns is impaired in Parkinson’s disease patients

Processing graspable object images and their nouns is impaired in Parkinson’s disease patients

Published in: Cortex, Volume 100, March 2018, 32-39

Abstract:
“According to embodiment, the recruitment of the motor system is necessary to process language material expressing a motor content. Coherently, an impairment of the motor system should affect the capacity to process language items with a motor content. The aim of the present study was to assess the capacity to process graspable objects and their nouns in Parkinson’s disease(PD) patients and healthy controls. Participants saw photos and nouns depicting graspable and non-graspable objects. Scrambled images and pseudo-words served as control stimuli. At 150 msec after stimulus presentation, they had to respond when the stimulus referred to a real object, and refrain from responding when it was meaningless (go-no go paradigm). In the control group, participants gave slower motor responses for stimuli (both photos and nouns) related to graspable objects as compared to non-graspable ones. This in keeping with data obtained in a previous study with young healthy participants. In the PD group, motor responses were similar for both graspable and non-graspable items. Moreover, error number was significantly greater than in controls. These findings support the notion that when the motor circuits are lesioned, like in PD, patients do not show the typical modulation of motor responses and have troubles in processing graspable objects and their nouns.”

Written by: Giovanni Buccino, Riccardo Dalla Volta, Gennarina Arabia, Maurizio Morelli, Carmelina Chiriaco, Angela Lupo, Franco Silipo, Aldo Quattrone
For full text: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cortex.2017.03.009

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