Tag: Mind Wandering

The Awakening of the Attention: Evidence for a Link Between the Monitoring of Mind Wandering and Prospective Goals

The Awakening of the Attention: Evidence for a Link Between the Monitoring of Mind Wandering and Prospective Goals

Published in: Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, Volume 147, Issue 3, 431-443

Abstract
“Across 2 independent samples, we examined the relation between individual differences in rates of self-caught mind wandering and individual differences in temporal monitoring of an unrelated response goal. Rates of self-caught mind wandering were assessed during a commonly used sustained-attention task, and temporal goal monitoring was indexed during a well-established prospective-memory task. The results from both samples showed a positive relation between rates of self-caught mind wandering during the sustained-attention task and rates of checking a clock to monitor the amount of time remaining before a response was required in the prospective-memory task. This relation held even when controlling for overall propensity to mind-wander (indexed by intermittent thought probes) and levels of motivation (indexed by subjective reports). These results suggest the possibility that there is a common monitoring system that monitors the contents of consciousness and the progress of ongoing goals and tasks.”

Written by: Paul Seli, Daniel L. Schacter, Daniel Smilek, Brandon C.W. Ralph
For full text: http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/xge0000385

Intentionality and meta-awareness of mind wandering: Are they one and the same, or distinct dimensions?

Intentionality and meta-awareness of mind wandering: Are they one and the same, or distinct dimensions?

Published in: Psychonomic Bulletin & Review, Volume 24, Issue 6, December 2017, 1808-1818

Abstract
“Researchers have recently demonstrated that mind-wandering episodes can vary on numerous dimensions, and it has been suggested that assessing these dimensions will play an important role in our understanding of mind wandering. One dimension that has received considerable attention in recent work is the intentionality of mind wandering. Although it has been claimed that indexing the intentionality of mind wandering will be necessary if researchers are to obtain a coherent understanding of the wandering mind, one concern is that this dimension might be redundant with another, longstanding, dimension: namely, meta-awareness. Thus, the utility of the argument for assessing intentionality rests upon a demonstration that this dimension is distinct from the meta-awareness dimension. To shed light on this issue, across two studies we compared and contrasted these dimensions to determine whether they are redundant or distinct. In both studies, we found support for the view that these dimensions are distinct.”

Written by: Paul Seli, Brandon C.W. Ralph, Evan F. Risko, Jonathan W. Schooler, Daniel L. Schacter, Daniel Smilek
For full text: https://doi.org/10.3758/s13423-017-1249-0

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