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Tag: Priming

Unconscious conflict adaptation without feature-repetitions and response time carry-over

Published in: Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, Volume 44, Issue 2, 169-175 Abstract “Leading theories of cognition linked executive control to consciousness or awareness. Evidence from masked priming experiments questioned this link, but without addressing possible confounds. Responding to a target after a masked prime, participants are slower if prime and target present conflicting (incongruent) than nonconflicting (congruent) information. Crucially, congruence in the previous trial modulates this congruence effect, presenting a congruence-sequence effect. This has been interpreted as conflict adaptation by executive control processes, but alternative explanations through trial-to-trial feature-repetitions and response-time (RT) carry-over are possible. Here, we… Read More

Priming and adaptation in native speakers and second-language learners

Published in: Bilingualism: Language and Cognition, Volume 21, Issue 2, 228-242 Abstract “Native speakers show rapid adjustment of their processing strategies and preferences on the basis of the structures they have recently encountered. The present study investigated the nature of priming and adaptation in second-language (L2) speakers and, more specifically, whether similar mechanisms underlie L2 and native language adaptation. Native English speakers and Korean L2 learners of English completed a written priming study probing the use of double object and prepositional phrase datives. Both groups showed cumulative adaptation effects for both types of dative, which was stronger for the structure that… Read More

An examination of L2-L1 noncognate translation priming in the lexical decision task: insights from distributional and frequency-based analyses

Published in: Bilingualism: Language and Cognition, Volume 21, Issue 2, 265-277 Abstract “The main fact that is currently known about the nature of masked L2-L1 noncognate translation priming effects in the lexical decision task is simply that those effects are significant in some studies but not in others. In an effort to better understand these effects, we examined the data pattern for very proficient Japanese–English bilinguals using RT distributional analyses. We also examined the impacts of prime and target frequency on the priming effect. Significant priming was present even on the fastest trials, becoming larger on slower trials. Nonetheless, priming effects… Read More