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Tag: Dunning-Kruger Effect

Dunning–Kruger effects in reasoning: Theoretical implications of the failure to recognize incompetence

Published in: Psychonomic Bulletin & Review, Volume 24, Issue 6, December 2017, 1774-1784 Abstract “The Dunning–Kruger effect refers to the observation that the incompetent are often ill-suited to recognize their incompetence. Here we investigated potential Dunning–Kruger effects in high-level reasoning and, in particular, focused on the relative effectiveness of metacognitive monitoring among particularly biased reasoners. Participants who made the greatest numbers of errors on the cognitive reflection test (CRT) overestimated their performance on this test by a factor of more than 3. Overestimation decreased as CRT performance increased, and those who scored particularly high underestimated their performance. Evidence for this type of systematic… Read More