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Tag: Working Memory

The role of working memory in processing L2 input: Insights from eye-tracking

Published in: Bilingualism: Language and Cognition, Volume 21, Issue 2, 355-374 Abstract “Our study investigated how attention paid to a target syntactic construction causative had is related to the storage capacity and attention regulation function of working memory (WM) and how these WM abilities moderate the change of knowledge of the target construction in different input conditions. 80 Sri Lankan learners of English were exposed to examples of the target construction in explicit and implicit learning conditions and their eye movements were tracked as they read the input. Correlational and multiple regression analyses indicated a very strong relationship between WM abilities and gains… Read More

Reconstructing the recent visual past: Hierarchical knowledge-based effects in visual working memory

Published in: Psychonomic Bulletin & Review, Volume 24, Issue 6, December 2017, 1889-1899 Abstract “This paper presents two experiments that examine the influence of multiple levels of knowledge on visual working memory (VWM). Experiment 1 focused on memory for faces. Faces were selected from continua that were constructed by morphing two face photographs in 100 steps; half of the continua morphed a famous face into an unfamiliar one, while the other half used two unfamiliar faces. Participants studied six sequentially presented faces each from a different continuum, and at test they had to locate one of these within its continuum. Experiment 2examined immediate memory… Read More

Maintenance of memory for melodies: Articulation or attentional refreshing?

Published in: Psychonomic Bulletin & Review, Volume 24, Issue 6, December 2017, 1964-1970 Abstract “Past research on the effects of articulatory suppression on working memory for nonverbal sounds has been characterized by discrepant findings, which suggests that multiple mechanisms may be involved in the rehearsal of nonverbal sounds. In two experiments we examined the potential roles of two theoretical mechanisms of verbal working memory—articulatory rehearsal and attentional refreshing—in the maintenance of memory for short melodies. In both experiments, participants performed a same–different melody comparison task. During an 8-s retention interval, interference tasks were introduced to suppress articulatory rehearsal, attentional refreshing, or… Read More

A cognitive load delays predictive eye movements similarly during L1 and L2 comprehension

Published in: Bilingualism: Language and Cognition, Volume 21, Issue 2, 251-264 Abstract “We used the visual world eye-tracking paradigm to investigate the effects of cognitive load on predictive eye movements in L1 (Experiment 1) and L2 (Experiment 2) speakers. Participants listened to sentences whose verb was predictive or non-predictive towards one of four objects they were viewing. They then clicked on a mentioned object. Half the participants additionally performed a working memory task of remembering words. Both L1 and L2 speakers looked more at the target object predictively in predictable- than in non-predictable sentences when they performed the listen-and-click task only.… Read More

Episodic retrieval and the SNARC effect

Published in: Psychonomic Bulletin & Review, Volume 24, Issue 6, December 2017, 1943-1948 Abstract “The SNARC effect is the finding that left-hand responses are faster to small digits and right-hand responses are faster to large digits. I tested an episodic-retrieval account of the SNARC effect in which it is assumed that the response time varies as a function of the prior trial episodes available in working memory. Blocks of trials were constructed in which two digits were repeated 75% of the time; presumably, these two “focus” digits would be readily available in working memory. Under such circumstances, there was no overall… Read More